The saddlery was introduced by the Spaniards and is the art of making articles of cavalry and leather charreria. The craft workshops had their peak in the colonial era. Nowadays, these craft workshops are concentrated in the north of the country.
The piteado is a very fine embroidery made with maguey fiber (pita) that is applied to the skin, embroidering fruity motifs and fretwork or filigree of exquisite beauty and great mastery.
Fiber is a product derived from cacti called pita fiber, very similar to ixtle or henequen, which has a great resistance. The pita is brought from the tropical jungles that unite the states of Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tabasco, Guerrero and Chiapas.
This work characterizes the region of the Altos de Jalisco, that of the Canyons of Jalisco and Zacatecas, such as Colotlán, a town that is considered the world capital of the piteado.
The crafts of this genre is more applicable on belts, buckles, drainage bags, bags, covers for cutlery, trousseau for charrería, where a combination of pita embroidery and silver locksmith is made, resulting in luxury products or pieces of collection.
Pita fiber is subjected to a manual process several centuries old until a white fiber and high strength is obtained.
In archaeological findings have been articles of more than one hundred years made with pita, and still retains its functionality. It is not known for sure when the piteado was born: its origin hides behind the curtain of time, but clear references place it in the middle of the 19th century