Mexican glass crafts appear in Puebla in 1542, and bottles were only made for packaging. In the seventeenth century the waxed canvases that covered the openings of the wooden windows with glass made in Mexico began to be replaced, and it was until the independence time when a family of French origin had the first glass factory in Guadalajara, there was where Don Camilo Ávalos Razo was formed. This artisan established a large center of Mexican glass crafts with works of such artistic sense that have been recognized worldwide. Currently, glass, in different techniques, but mainly blown, has allowed to have an idea of delicacy, expertise and creativity in the handling of this material. Today there are few factories that are engaged in the production and marketing of glass. Blown glass is manufactured in Guadalajara, Tlaquepaque and Tonalá.
The Spanish introduced glass in Mexico in the sixteenth century. The glass melts at a temperature of 1600 degrees Celsius to work it easily. Once melted, it is taken with the cane previously heated.
The piece of glass is molded by the person who blows through the rod while rotating it with the molten glass. To add color to the glass, natural oxides are added. Other techniques of blown glass are craquelure and azogado. Cracking is achieved by submerging the piece in water when it is still red hot, with this sudden change of temperature the glass is cracked.
The azogado, consists of applying a metallic plate at the time of melting the glass and in this way a mirror effect is achieved in the piece.
In 1533 the glass workshops with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza were established in Puebla. In Puebla, the pressed glass is still being made in 19th century molds.
The artisanal production of pulqueras jugs, jug type catrinas and table salt shakers in the form of hen was very important. The glass is melted at high temperatures and then red-hot and cast in wrought iron molds. Once the glass is spread in the mold, it is pressed, after a few seconds they remove the piece to allow it to cool.