The basketry, one of the oldest artisan activities, Mexican artisan expression of which its origin is not known exactly. Some specialists point out that in our country the existence of basketry dates its appearance prior to the manufacture of ceramics. During the pre-Hispanic era, with hard plant fibers, many domestic utensils were produced, with the petates standing out. The weaving process consisted in drying the fiber, flattening and braiding. In this archaic trade the basis of the work are the hard fibers: wheat straw, ixtle, vine, reed, willow, henequen, palm, tule, agave, rush etc. among hundreds of other species. The species used in Mexican basketry make up a total of eighty and are classified according to their use, durability, flexibility, resistance and length. With basketry can make countless objects, from domestic, ornamental use, furniture and figures of miniatures, although most of the objects are used for work in the field, transport, storage and other tasks that demand specialized products. They can also have festive and ceremonial uses of great value to some indigenous peoples. Artisans generally combine weaving techniques and materials.